Some canine health conditions tend to spook out pet owners based solely on looks. One of these is bulldog cherry eye, which is generally a common eye condition in dogs. It is known that some bulldog breeds are prone to illness; it is one of the more prevalent bulldog eye issues.
When the nicotinic duct, which displays a pink oval protrusion, prolapses out from under the third eyelid in Bulldogs, it is known as Cherry Eye. Your bulldog puppy's cherry eye is typically concealed and covered by the 3rd eyelid, making it hardly noticeable in its most normal posture.
Bulldogs younger than two years old are more likely to develop cherry eyes, particularly French Bulldog cherry eyes and English Bulldog cherry eyes. Compared to most eye conditions, the cherry eye in bulldogs is typically not an emergency.
What Is Cherry Eye In Bulldogs
One look from your dog can make you swoon. However, as soon as you see a red bulge that was not present before on the side of your dog's eye, your mind begins to race with concerns about what could be wrong. Several illnesses might affect a dog's eyeballs, but the cherry eye is possible if the red swelling is within the eye's inner corner.
Unlike humans, dogs have not two but triple eyelids per eye. The nictitating vesicle, a third eyelid located within the lower eyelid, adds another layer of defense for your dog's eyes. It also houses a crucial gland that generates a sizable portion of your dog's tears.
However, the ligament that anchors this gland to the orbital bone can occasionally become too stretched or completely separate itself. When this occurs, the gland may prolapse or jump out of its normal position and become apparent above the eyelid. Cherry eye is a disorder brought on by this.
Any dog can develop this prolapse, but due to several factors, some dogs are more susceptible than others to having a cherry eye. Compared to their larger, longer-nosed counterparts, breeds with smaller muzzles, many of which suffer from brachycephalic syndrome, tend to be significantly prone to the cherry eye.
The early cherry eye in canines is relatively straightforward to recognize, according to Vygantas. She notes that a fleshy pink bulge in the right corner of the eye is a sure sign of a cherry eye or an outgrowth of the third eyelid's tear duct. The name refers to the bulge's resemblance to a cherry pit in color and shape, typically at the corner closest to the nose.
The amazing thing about the canine cherry eye is that it does not hurt at the beginning, whether both eyes are affected at once or just one. On the other hand, if unattended, it can eventually make your dog more prone to infections and dry eyes. Even your dog may be unaware that something is wrong.
The tear gland on the third eyelid is in charge of creating 33–66% of the total amount of tears your dog sheds. When the gland prolapses, the tear gland does not function appropriately. For the sake of the eyes' comfort, this gland needs to be kept secure and reinserted into the right spot.
What Causes Cherry Eye In Bulldogs
Simply put, it is a condition where a portion of a dog's third eyelid protrudes or prolapses. A gland behind the third eyelid secretes tears, which nourish and oxygenate the eyes of canines. Regular operation of this tear gland occurs while it is concealed close to the edge of the eye.
Bulldog cherry eye, then, basically refers to the duct that is apparent when it is exposed because of straining, separation, or other issues with the tissue that keeps it hidden. Several causes range from simple genetic sensitivity to infections to trauma or stress.
Since it is a congenital condition in Bulldogs, if it affects one eye, it is probable to affect the other as well. If you know that your bulldog has a problem with one eye, be conscious of keeping a watch out for both of them.
The tear duct moves more quickly and aggravates the gland after the fibrous attachment weakens and breaks. This irritability causes swelling, finally developing into a red or pink swollen lump.
How To Treat Cherry Eye In French Bulldogs
Even if home remedies appear to be the best course of action for treating your bulldog's cherry eye, consult your veterinarian first. Home remedies are secure and excellent as preventative measures, even though they might not usually be as successful as getting your bully operated upon.
To put it mildly, they are also easy and reasonably priced. Simply pet, rub down or use any other technique that works for your dog to achieve its gentlest, most relaxed state. Get it to lie down, close his eyes and drift off to sleep for a while. To encourage the production of tears, very softly massage his eyelid where the swelling is with a warm, damp towel.
After utilizing the warm washcloth for a while, gently massage his eye's inner corner once more to aid the gland's return to its proper position. Teardrops can also be used to speed up the procedure. Be aware that some dogs respond better to a cool towel wrapped around ice; ensure the ice is flat and does not touch or injure the eye.
Additionally, this approach is frequently a short-term fix. Corrective surgery is required if the gland is separated rather than just misaligned. If you suspect your dog might have a cherry eye, immediately speak with your veterinarian. The condition may eventually result in health problems even though it is not a medical emergency.
If a cherry eye is not treated, it can damage the tear ducts and cause chronic dry eyes. The gland may also enlarge more with time, restricting blood flow. Since the swelling makes your dog feel uneasy, he may be more likely to scratch or claw at the eye, increasing the risk of injury and infection.
At your initial visit, your doctor could suggest dog-safe eye drops for the cherry eye to relieve irritation and provide much-needed hydration for relaxation and eye health. However, eye drops cannot be used to treat the cherry eye.
Cherry Eye Surgery For Bulldogs
As was already indicated, the ideal recommendation is to speak with your veterinarian about the safest way to treat your bulldog's cherry eye. Dog cherry eye surgery is not a complicated or extensive surgical procedure. Your veterinarian might provide non-surgical cherry eye therapy if they believe your dog does not require it.
These include forcing the gland to return to its original place using an ointment or another medicine. The veterinarian may also recommend anti-inflammatory drugs to treat infection and swelling and lessen discomfort.
Your veterinarian may choose between these techniques after diagnosing cherry eye disease: repositioning the gland using force or sewing and eliminating it. Given the long-term issues it causes, today's experts do not advise choosing the second alternative.
As previously explained, the gland's tears are crucial for lubricating and shielding the eye. Therefore, eliminating it can result in infections and recurrent "dry eye" situations. In addition, cherry eye surgery for dogs is probably costly.
Although they typically cost around $600, they could reach $2,000 or even more. So before making a choice, it is best to gather all the facts from a reliable veterinarian and get a full diagnostic.
Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent cherry eye in bulldogs. However, there are methods to provide your dog with the most excellent possible opportunity for wellness. To stay at a healthy weight, feed it well and give it plenty of exercises. You should also contact your veterinarian if you have doubts about your dog's eye health.
As a freelance pet writer and blogger, Shannon is passionate about crafting knowledge-based, science-supported articles that foster healthy bonds of love and respect between people and animals. But her first and very most important job is as a dog auntie and cockatiel, tortoise, and box turtle mama.